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In the United Kingdom and most of the Commonwealth, the term "aeroplane" ( Many stories from antiquity involve flight, such as the Greek legend of Icarus and Daedalus, and the Vimana in ancient Indian epics.

Around 400 BC in Greece, Archytas was reputed to have designed and built the first artificial, self-propelled flying device, a bird-shaped model propelled by a jet of what was probably steam, said to have flown some 200 m (660 ft).

The Wright brothers credited Otto Lilienthal as a major inspiration for their decision to pursue manned flight.

An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine or propeller.Airplanes come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and wing configurations.First attested in English in the late 19th century (prior to the first sustained powered flight), the word airplane, like aeroplane, derives from the French aéroplane, which comes from the Greek ἀήρ (aēr), "air" In an example of synecdoche, the word for the wing came to refer to the entire aircraft.In the United States and Canada, the term "airplane" is used for powered fixed-wing aircraft.The craft was uncontrollable, which Maxim, it is presumed, realized, because he subsequently abandoned work on it.

In the 1890s, Lawrence Hargrave conducted research on wing structures and developed a box kite that lifted the weight of a man. Although he also developed a type of rotary aircraft engine, he did not create and fly a powered fixed-wing aircraft.Between 18, the German pioneer of human aviation Otto Lilienthal also studied heavier-than-air flight.Following its limited use in World War I, aircraft technology continued to develop.It had movable tail surfaces controlling both yaw and pitch, a form of roll control supplied either by wing warping or by ailerons and controlled by its pilot with a joystick and rudder bar. 1, was finished in 1909, and was test flown on June 17, 1910.It was an important predecessor of his later Blériot XI Channel-crossing aircraft of the summer of 1909. From the first flight the airplane had no need of changes.Following WWI, aircraft technology continued to develop.