Shabbat, the Jewish Sabbath, begins Friday at sunset and ends Saturday at sunset; most Christians observe the Sabbath on Sunday.
Jews celebrate Shabbat with home rituals including blessings for candlelighting, wine, and eating challah, as well as attending synagogue.
While to an outsider the differences among Jews or among Christians might seem small, they can be significant.
The following observations can help begin the learning process.
Neither Judaism nor Christianity is a monolithic religion.
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For Christians, Jesus is the Son of God who represents all truth about God.
Jews do not believe that Jesus was the Messiah spoken about in the Hebrew scriptures because he did not free the first century Jews from Roman oppression, nor did he bring about a world of peace and justice envisioned by the prophets.
Many Jews, however, feel a strong connection to Israel and/or to the Jewish people, but do not attend synagogue or practice Jewish rituals.
Non-Jews often mistakenly assume that because a Jew does not practice the Jewish religion, he or she does not have strong feelings about the Jewish people or Israel.
It is not unusual for both Jews and Christians to have misconceptions about each other's religion or to harbor stereotypes.
Learning about each other's religion can help couples better understand each other and other family members.
Even if a couple has decided on a particular religion for the family, and even if one or both partners are non-religious, it is important for each to appreciate the religious background of the other, which often is the religion of in-laws and other family members.