Veddas, along with the Island's Buddhist, Hindu and Muslim communities, venerate the temple complex situated at Kataragama, showing the syncretism that has evolved over 2,000 years of coexistence and assimilation.
Kataragama is supposed to be the site where the Hindu god Skanda or Murugan in Tamil met and married a local tribal girl, Valli, who in Sri Lanka is believed to have been a Vedda. It consists of the bride tying a bark rope (diya lanuva) that she has twisted, around the waist of the groom.
The parent Vedda language(s) is of unknown genetic origins, while Sinhalese is of the Indo-Aryan branch of Indo-European languages.
Conversely, Sinhalese has also borrowed from the original Vedda language, words and grammatical structures, differentiating it from its related Indo-Aryan languages.Vedda has exerted a substratum influence in the formation of Sinhalese.Vedda also maintains many archaic Sinhalese terms prior to the 10th to 12th centuries, as a relict of its close contact with Sinhalese.Vedda also retains a number of unique words that cannot be derived from Sinhalese.Initially there was considerable debate among linguists as to whether Vedda is a dialect of Sinhalese or an independent language.
Later studies indicate that it diverged from its parent stock in the 10th century and became a Creole and a stable independent language by the 13th century, under the influence of Sinhalese.In Vedda society, women are in many respects men's equals. Monogamy is the general rule, though a widow would frequently marry her husband's brother as a means of support and consolation (widow inheritance). Since the opening of colonisation schemes, Vedda burials changed when they dug graves of 4–5 feet deep and wrapped the body wrapped cloth and covered it with leaves and earth.The Veddas also laid the body between the scooped out trunks of the gadumba tree before they buried it.Knox described them as "wild men", but also said there was a "tamer sort", and that the latter sometimes served in the king's army.The Ratnapura District, which is part of the Sabaragamuwa Province, is known to have been inhabited by the Veddas in the distant past.The original language of the Veddas is the Vedda language, which today is used primarily by the interior Veddas of Dambana.