A person who plays a clarinet is called a clarinetist (sometimes spelled clarinettist).
The word clarinet may have entered the English language via the French clarinette (the feminine diminutive of Old French clarin or clarion), or from Provençal clarin, "oboe".
The bore of the clarinet is cylindrical for most of the tube with an inner bore diameter between 14 and 15.5 millimetres (0.55 and 0.61 in), but there is a subtle hourglass shape, with the thinnest part below the junction between the upper and lower joint.
This "hourglass" shape, although not visible to the naked eye, helps to correct the pitch/scale discrepancy between the chalumeau and clarion registers (perfect 12th).
The diameter of the bore affects characteristics such as available harmonics, timbre, and pitch stability (how far the player can bend a note in the manner required in jazz and other music).
The English form clarinet is found as early as 1733, and the now-archaic clarionet appears from 1784 until the early years of the 20th century.
While the similarity in sound between the earliest clarinets and the trumpet may hold a clue to its name, other factors may have been involved.
The bottom of the clarinet's written range is defined by the keywork on each instrument, standard keywork schemes allowing a low E on the common B), is known as the chalumeau register (named after the instrument that was the clarinet's immediate predecessor).
The middle register is known as the clarion register (sometimes in the U. as the clarino register from the Italian) All three registers have characteristically different sounds. The clarion register is brighter and sweet, like a trumpet (clarion) heard from afar.
the trill 'B' key is pressed), the note A4 (440 Hz) is produced.
This represents a repeat of the cycle 440 times per second.
The altissimo register can be piercing and sometimes shrill.
The cycle repeats at a frequency relative to how long it takes a wave to travel to the first open hole and back twice (i.e. For example: when all the holes bar the very top one are open (i.e.
The differences in instruments and geographical isolation of players in different countries led to the development, from the last part of the 18th century onwards, of several different schools of clarinet playing.