In our research paper, we try out 32 different ways to define marriage in the data.
Without getting too deep into the details, there’s a trade-off in how we define marriage here.
If you stand against the party then you lose the whip and are no longer a member of the party.
It has also referred one matter, relating to the party’s treasurer declaring he had examined a return and believed it to be complete and correct, to the Metropolitan Police.
The investigation found the party’s spending return for the 2015 general election was missing payments worth at least £104,765.
The Electoral Commission has fined the Conservative Party £70,000 over campaign spending.
The independent watchdog said the party had made “numerous failures” in reporting its expenses for the 2015 general election and three by-elections in 2014.
Mr Goldsmith who beat the Liberal Democrats in to second place in a narrow victory in 2010, had increased his majority to over 15,000 at the 2015 election, following a long campaign against the proposed third runway at Heathrow.
He also lost to Labour's Sadiq Khan in a bitter race for the London mayoralty in May this year.Evidence abounds that Democrats and Republicans really do not like each other.Researchers have found that they avoid dating one another, desire not to live near one another and disapprove of the idea that their offspring would marry someone outside their party (see here, here, here). To answer these questions, I teamed up with Yair Ghitza, chief scientist at Catalist, a prominent political data firm that sells data to left-of-center campaigns and interest groups, and also to academics like me who use the data for scholarly research.Separately, payments worth up to £118,124 were either not reported to the commission or were incorrectly reported.In addition, the Tories did not include invoices or receipts for 81 payments worth £52,924 and failed to maintain records explaining the amounts it invoiced to candidates in three 2014 by-elections for work on their campaigns, meaning the accuracy of the sums could not be verified.It was therefore wrong not to be on Richmond Park ballot,” he said.