Burlap or Hessian is a coarse cheap fabric woven from the natural materials Hemp or Jute that was often used in blankets and sacks in the War time.Particularly during times of material shortages Soft Toys such as Teddy Bears were sometimes made from this material.This proved necessary in production for every Seventh Teddy Bearsubsequently making Centre Seam Bears by Steiff quite rare and are now highly sought after by Teddy Bear Collectors.
Teddy Bear Factories such as Steiff and Merrythought have done this with great success particularly since the 1980s.
Often these Bears commemorate an important Date such as the Steiff Titanic Bear and Coronation Bears.
A technique used by makers of Artist Bears and some Traditional Teddy Bear Manufacturers such as Steiff to add facial and other details to a Teddy Bear, achieved by spray painting over the often clipped plush by an Airgun using compressed air.
From the Mid-Century Period many famous Teddy Bear Manufacturers recognising the amount of interest in Teddy Bear Collecting started reproducing famous Bears.
In the First and Second World War periods many Home Made Teddy Bears were made from Burlap created from Free Sewing Patterns that were given away in Women's Magazines of the era.
Celluloid is an Early Plastic type material made from Pyroxylin, derived from Cellulose, and Camphor.
Auction sites tend to be rife with reproductions and inexperienced dealers wrongly attributing the age and make of a vintage bear so are often a case of buyer beware.
For example one only has to browse the pages of certain auction sites to see a vast amount of rather dubious bears attributed to Steiff.
The Steiff Centre Seam Bear is highly Sought after.
The mythology around the Centre Seam Bearstems from the fact that to maximise on material supplies Steiff found a way of cutting an extra head piece out of their material supplies by cutting the part of the head gusset in two pieces and stitching together along a Centre Seam.
French Teddy Bears often have Bat Wing Noses and this type of stitching was used by French Teddy Bear Makers Fadap and Pintel.