"In a gravel deposit at the Union Pacific Mammoth Site near Rawlins, Wyoming, a mammoth skeleton was found together with artifacts that indicate the animal was killed by man.
The formula graphed looks much like the natural logarithm but inverted.If this was submitted in a college paper today he would get a failing grade since it is all based on assumptions."Everything which has come down to us from heathendom is wrapped in a thick fog; it belongs to a space of time we cannot measure.We know that it is older than Christendom, but whether by a couple of years or a couple of centuries, or even by more than a millenium, we can do no more than guess." [Rasmus Nyerup, (Danish antiquarian), 1802 (in Trigger, 19)].Even the collected data is biased to fit the results sought.
I wish I could say it was at least entertaining but far from it.Brown, "Radiocarbon Age Measurements Re-examined," in Review and Herald, October 28, 1971, pp. Radiocarbon in the atmosphere was markedly different prior to 1600 B. "It was found that the activity of radiocarbon in the atmosphere was going up and down even before the Industrial Revolution [when additional smoke began polluting the air]."—*H. For a 40,000 year old sample, the figure is only 5 percent, while an error of 50,000 years can be produced by about 1 percent of modern material. The age of prehistoric artifacts, the age of the earth, and that of the universe would be thrown into doubt."—*F. Jueneman, article in Industrial Research, 14 (1972), p. "Some geologists question the use of the C-14 method for samples stored under moist conditions. von Fange, "Time Upside Down," in Creation Research Society Quarterly, June 1974, p. Much more must be done on chemical purification of samples."—*F. This is a most serious limitation, for who can be sure that a given sample has not been moistened? "A mastodon skeleton, found at Ferguson Farm near Tupperville, Ontario, provided a radiocarbon age of 8,900 for the collagen fraction of bones and a radiocarbon age of 6,200 for high organic-content mud from within the skull cavities. Flint, "Radiocarbon Dating," in Science, February 8, 1957, p. Only if all the factors producing C-14 in living tissue are unchanged, can past radiodating results be reliable "An earlier increase in neutrino levels] must have had the peculiar characteristic of resetting all our atomic clocks.It is unlikely that this skeleton could have survived exposure for 2,700 solar years before emplacement in peat."—Robert H. Waterbolk, "Groningen Radiocarbon Dates III," in Science, December 19, 1958, p. "Local variation, especially in [marine] shells, can be highly significant . The most significant problem is that of biological alteration of materials in the soil. To produce an error of 50 percent in the age of a 10,000 year old specimen would require the replacement of more than 25 percent of the carbon atoms. This would knock our C-14, potassium-argon, and uranium-lead dating measurements into a cocked hat!Of over 4,000 quotations in the books this Encyclopedia is based on, only 164 statements are by creationists. One is that the carbon 14 concentration in the carbon dioxide cycle is constant.